The game of bowls dates back to around 13th Century in that the Bowls Club in the south of England has the oldest bowling green in the Western World and was founded sometime in 1299. The Chesterfield Club claims dates going back to 1294. The Chesterton bowls club has first claim on this date.The most people know of the historical event of Sir Francis Drake who, while playing lawn bowls on Plymouth hoe refused to leave the game until it was finished.He said the Armada can wait.
The first lawn bowls rules, official ones, were drawn up by the Scottish Bowls Association.Today bowls is a great pastime enjoyed by people from 35 countries from the United kingdom to Thailand.
Lawn bowls construction
Bowls were made of a heavy timber up until the 70s and now most manufactures use a modern composite material. These new construction methods allow great quality bowls to be made to a high degree of accuracy and quality control. it is now very common to see coloured bowls made of Polymers and Melamine.
Developments in the game
Golf and Bowls owes a large part of is beginning to the Scots. After a meeting in Glasgow sometime in 1848, where about two hundred players from different clubs all with different Laws for playing the game. It had to change and a universal set of rules came into being and this was the foundation of all laws to follow. Scottish Bowling was formed and in 1893, a set of rules was published. This organisation is now known as Bowls Scotland. Following that the English for am association in 1903 with W.G Grace as the president. Others followed and the international board was formed and is now World bowls.
Players & Equipment
The object of the game is to roll your bowls to as near the jack as you can and to be closer to the jack than you opponent You need a set of bowls and flat shoes. In lawn bowls a mat is needed to stand on while delivering the bowls.
The bowls come in a variety of different sizes and weight around 1.5kg. The bowls have a bias where one side is heavier than the other and give the bowls a curved path.The green is split into “rinks” or lanes in which games are played as singles pairs triples or fours. The rinks are usually 4.3 to 5.8 metres wide and can be between 31 to 40 metres in length. A ditch runs around the green and is wide enough for a bowl to fit into it.
one point is awarded to the team or bowler for each bowl nearest the jack and the first to reach 21 points or have the largest score after 21 ends or how many ends is decided to play.Another way is for players to play sets. This could be arrange as a set of 5 ends equals 1 set and the first to wind 5 sets would win.
Rules Of Bowls.
Who plays first is decided by tossing a coin. The winner then places down the mat and rolls up the jack.To be in play the jack must travel 23 meters or more between markers.It is then moved to the centre of the rink. A point is scored by each bowl that is closer to the jack than the opponent’s closest bowl. The ends are then changed and the game starts at the opposite end. Bowls that run into the ditch are out of play unless they touch the jack on the way in and then the bowl is still in play. If the jack is hit into the ditch and still within the bounder-es then it is still in play. If the jack is knocked out of bound on either side then it is a dead end and no points are award.